Is There a Relationship between Biofilm Forming-Capacity and Antibiotic Resistance in Staphylococcus spp.? In Vitro Results

Matthew Gavino Donadu, Marco Ferrari, Vittorio Mazzarello, Stefania Zanetti, Ivan Kushkevych, Simon Karl-Maria Rasso Rittmann, Anette Stájer, Boglárka Ónodi, Zoltán Baráth, Edit Urban, Márió Gajdács

Staphylococcus species are considered important members of the normal skin microbiota, in addition to being common pathogens in human and animal infections. In addition to S. aureus, other members of the genus are now widely-recognized as pathogens, especially in immunocompromised individuals. One of the most important virulence factors of staphylococci is the formation of biofilm (slime), which enhances their survival on inanimate surfaces, in addition to providing protection against immune cells and antibiotics in vivo. There has been considerable interest in the study of the relationship between biofilm formation and the antibiotic resistant phenotype, however, the results in the available literature are inconsistent. Thus, this study aims to investigate the correlation between biofilm formation and antibiotic resistance in Staphylococcus spp. isolates using phenotypic methods. One hundred and eighty (n = 180) isolates were included in the study, with S. epidermidis (40.0%) and S. lugdunensis (10.0%) being the most numerous. Biofilm-forming capacity was assessed by means of the crystal violet microtiter-plate-based (CV-MTP) method. Methicillin-resistance (MR) was identified in 47.2% (n = 85) of isolates. Among the commonly-used antimicrobials, resistance was highest for clindamycin (51.1%), erythromycin (48.9%) and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (51.1%). Based on the CV-MTP method, n = 13 (7.2%), n = 13 (7.2%), n = 42 (23.3%) and n = 113 (62.3%) staphylococcal isolates were non-biofilm-producing, weak, moderate and strong biofilm producers, respectively. No significant differences in biofilm-formation were shown to be observed on the basis of MR (susceptible (S): 0.881 ± 0.309 vs. resistant (R): 0.890 ± 0.347; p = 0.133) and according to the resistance, to most other antibiotics. Rifampin-resistant isolates were more potent biofilm-producers than their susceptible counterparts (S: 0.802 ± 0.296 vs. R: 1.194 ± 0.221; p = 0.024). The association of the antibiotic-resistant phenotype and biofilm-formation is still inconclusive, due to the heterogeneity of the results in presently available studies; however, the understanding of these mechanisms in Staphylococcus spp. is crucial to appropriately address the therapy and eradication of these pathogens.

Department für Funktionelle und Evolutionäre Ökologie
Externe Organisation(en)
Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria di Sassari, Università degli Studi di Sassari, Masaryk University, University of Pécs, University of Szeged
ÖFOS 2012
106022 Mikrobiologie
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